When you look up at a roof, you see shingles and some pipes or vents. But there’s more to a roof than meets the eye! A complete roofing system has many different materials that work together to keep your roof safe from leaks and damage. Check out or blog for materials included in asphalt-roof-replacement (844) 917-ROOF.
If you’re replacing your roof, you might be surprised by the cost. It’s not just about putting up new shingles! To help you understand what goes into a complete roofing system, we’re going to go over all the materials you’ll need.
Here’s what we’ll cover in this blog:
– Roof Decking
– Asphalt shingles
– Starter Shingles
– Ridge cap
– Ice & Water Shield
– Extra Protection
– Pipe Boots
– Drip Edge
Now, let’s get started!
Roof underlayment is an important part of your roof that helps protect your home from water damage. It is a layer of material that is installed underneath the shingles or other roofing materials. This article will discuss everything you need to know about roof underlayment.
To make it easier to understand, we’re dividing the materials into shingles, backing materials, and extra protection for the roof.
A critical part of your roof is the base layer, roof decking. It comprises plywood or oriented strand boards (OSB) and connects the roofing materials to the house frame. The decking is nailed or stapled to the house’s rafters, and the roofing materials are installed on top of it.
The most visible part of your roof is the asphalt shingles. They give the roof texture, color, and protection. Asphalt shingles have a fiberglass mat covered with asphalt, protective granules, and adhesive that seals them together. The main categories of shingles are 3-Tab, Architectural, and Luxury. You can learn more about them in our blog on different types of asphalt shingles!
Before you start putting on the main shingles on your roof, installing starter shingles or strips on the edges is essential. These strips are made of asphalt and have adhesive at the bottom. They are nailed in to better secure the shingles above it.
Ridge cap shingles are used to cover the top of your roof nicely. They also protect the area where different parts of the roof meet. These shingles are usually thicker and pre-bent to withstand wind and to direct water away from the peak of your roof.
In addition to the shingles, your roof has other layers of protection. These layers are placed underneath the shingles to provide extra support, cover gaps, and protect against damage.
Underlayment is an important layer that goes on your roof before other materials. It helps keep water out and protects the roof from damage. It is usually made of a special paper or a mix of fiberglass and asphalt.
Ice/water shield is like a stronger underlayment. It has a sticky surface, so it can be put on without using nails or staples. It is used in areas that are prone to leaks, like the edges of the roof and around chimneys and skylights.
Covering the Gaps
Flashing is a thin metal material that is used to cover gaps between different parts of the roof. It is commonly used at walls, chimneys, vents, skylights, and open valleys. It may need to be replaced when you get a new roof.
Your roof has some important parts that need extra protection to keep it safe and secure. These parts include pipe boots, drip edge, ventilation, and gutter systems.
Pipe boots are materials, like rubber or metal, that cover the base of ventilation pipes on your roof. These pipes let out gas or moisture from your home, like in your bathroom or kitchen.
Since the pipes stick out of the roof, they need something to cover the hole and keep it safe. That’s where the pipe boots come in. They fit around the pipes and create a seal to stop water from going inside.
Drip edge is a special type of metal installed under the first layer of shingles on your roof. It stops water from getting under the roof and causing damage to the wood.
Drip edge is significant for keeping your roof healthy and getting water into the gutters safely. Without it, the edges of your roof can be damaged by water, making the roof not last as long. It also means you’ll have to do more work when replacing the roof.
There are different kinds of vents on the roof, like roof openings, ridges, and wind turbines. They work to let out hot air from your roof and keep the temperature and humidity under control. If there is insufficient air flow, your attic will become hot and humid. This can cause water to build up in the roof and damage the asphalt shingles.
You might not think gutters are part of the roof, but they help distribute water safely away from your roof. The water can return to the roof if your gutters get clogged and can’t work correctly. This can make certain roof areas wear out faster and let water into the shingles and roof.